The history of the railway goes back to the first civilizations such as the Egyptians who, using long wooden beams, carried heavy loads, which could be the first means of transport on rails. In the 16th century, German miners used wagons in underground mines, which moved on flat wooden beams to transport material. Two centuries later these wooden rails would be replaced by iron beams and wheels with rims or metal fence.
In 1770, Watt invented the steam engine creating a revolution that began with the challenge of transporting travelers at a speed faster than the pace of man for the first time in the world, by means of an apparatus that worked by means of traction generated by the pressure of steam.
Currently Baquedano Station there are greater conservation, valuation and dissemination actions than those generated by the community itself that seeks to preserve and promote the heritage and cultural value of this Railway Complex. Among the actions are the organization of the first celebration of the Day of Cultural Heritage in the Commune of Sierra Gorda in 2017 and later, as procedures before the Council of National Monuments with the aim of denouncing the abandonment and protecting the railway historical heritage. This small contribution to the memory and identity of the town of Estación Baquedano is part of these community actions that seek to contribute to the revaluation of our identity as an industrial town born under the effort of the State to Industrialize the country.
The English engineer Richard Trevithick built a traction steam locomotive, which moved on rails by means of a gear.
The first regular passenger train service begins in England and the United States.
In Chile the private railway from Caldera to Copiapó was inaugurated, becoming the first railway in the country.
Discovery of the Mineral de Caracoles in the Antofagasta Region, which generates a wave of immigration and financial speculation.
In Tarapacá (Peru at that time) the the Nitrate Railroad from Iquique to La Noria.
All the railway concessions of the Huanchaca Company are transferred to the Antofagasta (Chili) and Bolivia Railway Co. Ltd.
The Chilean State Railroad Company is officially formed.
The Compañía de Salitres y Ferrocarriles de Antofagasta is associated with the Compañía Minera Huanchaca de Bolivia.
The military conflict between Chile, Peru and Bolivia breaks out.
In Antofagasta the railway line extended to the salt flats in the central pampas.
Inauguration of the Antofagasta Salitres and Railways Company Railroad.
This extended from the port to the tasks in the Salar del Carmen.
The Government of Chile promulgates a law that allows the State to carry out actions for the construction of the Northern Network of the Longitudinal Railroad. Among these is to normalize the track of the FF.CC. private 1 mt.
Construction of the Baquedano Station Powerhouse.
On November 23, the work of the Northern Network of the Longitudinal State Railroad is completed and delivered.
on January 10 of this year and the Longitudinal Norte or "Longino" as it was popularly known was born.
Inauguration of the Railway from Antofagasta to La Paz, within the framework of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship signed in 1904 by Chile and Bolivia.
The State acquires the Tarapacá Nitrate Railroad assuming the operation of the Iquique to Pintados, Pisagua Railroad and adjacent Saltpeter Offices.
Inauguration of the Trasandino del Norte Railway, from Antofagasta to Salta via Socompa.
First trip of direct passengers from Iquique to La Calera.
A trip with steam traction could last 3 and a half days.
FCAB standardized its tracks from 762 to 1000 mm. due to the promulgation of decrees and laws that forced the FF.CC. private to be annexed to the laying of the Northern Network of the Longitudinal Railroad. (FCLN)
In June of this year, the town of Estación Baquedano, popularly known as "El Pueblo" and that corresponds to the town adjacent to the Railway Complex.
The FCAB ends its operation of the North Longitudinal Railroad network and the State begins its operation and administration.
The Armed Forces and of Order give a coup to President Salvador Allende. A civic-military dictatorship is installed that establishes a neoliberal economic agenda by privatizing most of the state companies during the 17 years that he ruled the country.
The last passenger train that circulated along the Longitudinal Norte departed from Iquique station on June 13, 1975.
The Baquedano Railway Station and part of its rolling stock and some buildings are declared a National Historic Monument. This action stopped disarmament of steam locomotives.
The State Railways Company (EFE) transferred the Northern Railway Network to CORFO, who renamed it FERRONOR (Northern Railway).
Part of the Railway Enclosure is used as a location for the James Bond 007 film production
Quantum of solace
Due to the derailment of a Ferronor train in the Argentine section, the agreement between the companies of both countries ends.
Rail América withdraws from Ferronor SA leaving APCO as the sole owner of this Railway Network.
Signing of the Agreement between the Belgrano Company of Argentina that operated from Socompa to Salta and Ferronor to whom this section of the Trasandino del Norte belongs.
The transportation of liquefied gas from Argentina was the main activity of this agreement.
CORFO sells the Ferronor Railway Transportation Company to the APCO and Rail América consortium.
Privatizing what until then was the Northern Network of the Longitudinal State Railroad.